jueves, 16 de mayo de 2013

Culture splendour and political decline.

In this video you will see one of the most important Spanish books around the world, this book was written during the Golden Age:



The Spanish Golden Age was a period of great artistic activity which lasted from about 1560 to 1680:


  • ARCHITECTURE: 
    • The Monastery of El Escorial was built in a simple, austere style in the 16th century.
    • The Baroque style of rich ornamentation developed in the 17th century. A good example is the Cathedral of Seville.
  • LITERATURE:
    • Miguel de Cervantes wrote Don Quixote, one of the greatest books.
    • Lope de Vega who wrote plays and poetry.
    • Luis Góngora who wrote poetry.
  • PAINTING: 
    • In the 16th Century, El Greco became famous for his characteristic of elongated figures. 
    • In the 17th century, Diego Velázquez painted his masterpieces.

THE 17th CENTURY CRISIS:
Three Habsburg kings reigned in the 17th century.
  • Philip III (1598-1621)

  • Philip IV (1621-1665)

  • Charles II (1665-1700):
  • They had ministers to help them to govern. Some of these ministers became extremely powerful.
  • The 17th century was a period of political and military decline. 
  • After lots of years of revolts they lost the Netherlands. 
  • There were revolts in Catalonia and Portugal. At the end they lost Portugal. 
  • Economy was stagnant and people were very hungry.