In this video you will see one of the most important Spanish books around the world, this book was written during the Golden Age:
The Spanish Golden Age was a period of great artistic activity which lasted from about 1560 to 1680:
- The Monastery of El Escorial was built in a simple, austere style in the 16th century.
- The Baroque style of rich ornamentation developed in the 17th century. A good example is the Cathedral of Seville.
- Miguel de Cervantes wrote Don Quixote, one of the greatest books.
- Lope de Vega who wrote plays and poetry.
- Luis Góngora who wrote poetry.
- In the 16th Century, El Greco became famous for his characteristic of elongated figures.
- In the 17th century, Diego Velázquez painted his masterpieces.
THE 17th CENTURY CRISIS:
Three Habsburg kings reigned in the 17th century.
- Philip III (1598-1621)
- Philip IV (1621-1665)
- Charles II (1665-1700):
- They had ministers to help them to govern. Some of these ministers became extremely powerful.
- The 17th century was a period of political and military decline.
- After lots of years of revolts they lost the Netherlands.
- There were revolts in Catalonia and Portugal. At the end they lost Portugal.
- Economy was stagnant and people were very hungry.